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Dating during the renaissance

dating during the renaissance-76

A more detailed discussion of this issue, based on analyses of more than one hundred copper-based medals, using x-ray fluorescence spectrometry, can be found in an article by D. It should be considered to be synonymous with the numismatic description AE.As such, it is meant to imply that the medal is either pure copper or, more commonly, is a copper alloy, composed primarily of copper with varying amount of tin and/or zinc and sometimes a small amount of arsenic or lead.

dating during the renaissance-89dating during the renaissance-2dating during the renaissance-44

On the high spots, fine details such as hair, lace etc. Sometimes the terms "about" or "nearly" (fast; presque; quasi; Bijna/vrijwel) are used to show that the condition of a medal is almost up to the next fixed grade but not quite.) These terms are self explanatory and describe medals which have been scarcely handled at all.Mint state or Uncirculated (Stempelglanz; Fleur de coin; Fior di conio; F. C.) These medals would have evidence of just the slightest handling.Also, it should be pointed out if a medal is pierced or if the piercing has been plugged.Medals can be made of various metals, including copper, silver, gold and lead.Many are made of copper alloys, the most common being: Bronze: an alloy consisting principally of copper with smaller amounts of tin, and sometimes low levels of zinc, phosphorus, manganese, aluminum, silicon, lead or arsenic; Brass: an alloy consisting principally of copper with smaller amounts of zinc, and sometimes with very low levels of tin; Gunmetal: an alloy of copper with both tin and zinc.

The addition of other metals to copper changes its properties, making the resulting alloys better or worse depending on whether the medals are to be cast or struck.

This is why medals should never be cleaned, only gently washed with a mild detergent if absolutely necessary.

Edge knocks, discoloration, corrosion, dents, scratches and any other disfigurements should all be mentioned.

Medal: A medal, or more specifically a commemorative medal, is generally a round metallic object which is manufactured to commemorate some person, thing, or event of historical interest and importance.

Unlike coins, a medal has no intrinsic monetary value; its worth is dependent upon its artistic quality, historical importance, age, rarity, condition, size, and metallic composition.

The obverse of the medal generally depicts an image of a person or persons.