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Interparental conflict and adolescent dating relationships

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It may also include threats, isolation, pet abuse, using children, and a variety of other behaviors used to maintain fear, intimidation, and power over one's partner" [2].Florida law defines domestic violence as "any assault, aggravated assault, battery, aggravated battery, sexual assault, sexual battery, stalking, aggravated stalking, kidnapping, false imprisonment, or any criminal offense resulting in physical injury or death of one family or household member by another family or household member" [3].

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Whatever the definition, it is important for healthcare professionals to understand that domestic violence, in the form of emotional and psychological abuse, sexual abuse, and physical violence, is prevalent in our society.The estimated total annual cost of IPV against women in the 1995 survey was more than $5.8 billion [9].When updated to 2003 dollars, the amount was more than $8.3 billion annually.According to the Florida Department of Children and Families, domestic violence is "a pattern of behaviors that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partners or former partners to establish power and control.It may include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and economic abuse.Studies reveal that several factors may have contributed to the reduction in violence, including a decline in the marriage rate and decrease of domesticity, better access to federally funded domestic violence shelters, improvements in women's economic status, and demographic trends, such as the aging of the population [13,14].

Of note, declines in the economy and stress associated with financial hardship and unemployment are significant contributors to IPV in the United States.

In addition, when family violence cases are identified, there should be a plan of action that includes providing information on, and referral to, local community resources related to legal aid, sheltering, victim counseling, batterer counseling, advocacy groups, and child protection.

Domestic violence, which is sometimes also referred to as spousal abuse, battering, or intimate partner violence (IPV), refers to the victimization of an individual with whom the abuser has or has had an intimate or romantic relationship.

Domestic violence continues to be a prevalent problem in the United States today.

Because of the number of individuals affected, it is likely that most healthcare professionals will encounter patients in their practice who are victims.

The costs associated with IPV at this time would be considerably more, but no further studies have been conducted [10].