Some swingers engage in unprotected sex, a practice known as barebacking, while others follow safe sex practices and will not engage with others who do not also practice safe sex.Swingers may reduce the risk of STI by exchanging STI test results and serosorting.
This study, which only polled self-identified swingers, is of limited use to a broader application to the rest of society (external validity) owing to self-selected sampling.John Stossel produced an investigative news report into the swinging lifestyle.Stossel's report in 2005 cited Terry Gould's research, which concluded that "couples swing in order to not cheat on their partners".One 2000 study, based on an Internet questionnaire addressed to visitors of swinger-related sites, found swingers are happier in their relationships than the norm.60% said that swinging improved their relationship; 1.7% said swinging made their relationship less happy.Some people object to swinging on moral or philosophical grounds.
Most religious communities and moralists regard swinging as adultery, not withstanding that it is with the knowledge, consent or encouragement of one spouse to the other.
Swinging itself is not a high-risk behavior, and swingers have lower rates of STIs than the general population.
Swingers are relatively knowledgeable about STIs and their symptoms, and are more likely to seek prompt medical treatment if symptoms arise.
Approximately 50% of those who rated their relationship "very happy" before becoming swingers maintained their relationship had become happier.
90% of those with less happy relationships said swinging improved them.
The phenomenon of swinging, or at least its wider discussion and practice, is regarded by some as arising from the freer attitudes to sexual activity after the sexual revolution of the 1960s, the invention and availability of the contraceptive pill, and the emergence of treatments for many of the sexually transmitted diseases that were known at that time.